Physics

Entangling Bosonic Modes via an Engineered Exchange Interaction. (arXiv:1806.07401v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

The realization of robust universal quantum computation with any platform ultimately requires both the coherent storage of quantum information and (at least) one entangling operation between individual elements. The use of continuous-variable bosonic modes as the quantum element is a promising route to preserve the coherence of quantum information against naturally-occurring errors. However, operations between bosonic modes can be challenging. In analogy to the exchange interaction between discrete-variable spin systems, the exponential-SWAP unitary [$\mathbf{U}_{\mathrm{E}}\left(\theta_c\right)$] can coherently transfer the states between two bosonic modes, regardless of the chosen encoding, realizing a deterministic entangling operation for certain $\theta_c$. Here, we develop an efficient circuit to implement $\mathbf{U}_{\mathrm{E}}\left(\theta_c\right)$ and realize the operation in a three-dimensional circuit QED architecture. We demonstrate high-quality deterministic entanglement between two cavity modes with several different encodings. Our results provide a crucial primitive necessary for universal quantum computation using bosonic modes.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Qubit-nonlinear-oscillator systems: from the moderate-coupling limit to the ultrastrong-coupling regime. (arXiv:1806.07446v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

This work aims to provide an alternative approach to modeling a two-state system (qubit) coupled to a nonlinear oscillator. Within a single algebraic scheme based upon the f-deformed oscillator description, hard and soft nonlinearities are proposed to be simulated by making use of fitting algebraic models extracted from the trigonometric and modified P\"oschl-Teller potentials, respectively. In the regime where the strength of the coupling is considered to be moderate, this approach allows for an analytic, albeit approximate, diagonalization process of the proposed Hamiltonian through using the Van Vleck perturbation theory and embracing the two types of nonlinear features. In the ultrastrong-coupling regime, the effect of such nonlinearities upon the squeezing and phase space properties of the ground state of the composite system is also explored by numerical means.

Categories: Journals, Physics

The squeezed thermal reservoir as a generalized equilibrium reservoir. (arXiv:1806.07448v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

We explore the perspective of considering the squeezed thermal reservoir as an equilibrium reservoir in a generalized Gibbs ensemble with two non-commuting conserved quantities. We outline the main properties of such a reservoir in terms of the exchange of energy, both heat and work, and entropy, giving some key examples to clarify its physical interpretation. This new paradigm allows for a correct and insightful interpretation of all thermodynamical features of the squeezed thermal reservoir, as well as other similar non-thermal reservoirs, including the characterization of reversibility and the first and second laws of thermodynamics.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Photon statistics of amplified spontaneous emission. (arXiv:1806.07458v1 [physics.optics])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

Developments in quantum technologies lead to new applications that require radiation sources with specific photon statistics. A widely used Poissonian statistics are easily produced by lasers; however, some applications require super- or sub-Poissonian statistics. Statistical properties of a light source are characterized by the second-order coherence function g^(2)(0). This function distinguishes stimulated radiation of lasers with g^(2)(0)=1 from light of other sources. For example, g^(2)(0)=2 for black-body radiation, and g^(2)(0)=0 for single-photon emission. One of the applications requiring super-Poissonian statistics (g^(2)(0)>1) is ghost imaging with thermal light. Ghost imaging also requires light with a narrow linewidth and high intensity. Currently, rather expensive and inefficient light sources are used for this purpose. In the last year, a superluminescent diode based on amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) has been considered as a new light source for ghost imaging. Even though ASE has been widely studied, its photon statistics has not been settled - there are neither reliable theoretical estimates of the second-order coherence function nor unambiguous experimental data. Our computer simulation clearly establishes that coherence properties of light produced by ASE are similar to that of a thermal source with g^(2)(0)=2 independent of pump power. This result manifests the fundamental difference between ASE and laser radiation.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Degradation of Entanglement in Markovian Noise. (arXiv:1806.07468v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

The entanglement survival time is defined as the maximum time a system which is evolving under the action of local Markovian, homogenous in time noise, is capable to preserve the entanglement it had at the beginning of the temporal evolution. In this paper we study how this quantity is affected by the interplay between the coherent preserving and dissipative contributions of the corresponding dynamical generator. We report the presence of a counterintuitive, non-monotonic behaviour in such functional, capable of inducing sudden death of entanglement in models which, in the absence of unitary driving are capable to sustain entanglement for arbitrarily long times.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Quantum Field Theory with Classical Sources - Linearized Quantum Gravity. (arXiv:1806.07471v1 [gr-qc])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

In a previous work and in terms of an exact quantum-mechanical framework, $\hbar$-independent causal and retarded expectation values of the second-quantized electro-magnetic fields in the Coulomb gauge were derived in the presence of a conserved classical electric current. The classical $\hbar$-independent Maxwell's equations then naturally emerged. In the present work, we extend these considerations to linear gravitational quantum deviations around a flat Minkowski space-time in a Coulomb-like gauge. The emergence of the classical causal and properly retarded linearized classical theory of general relativity with a conserved classical energy-momentum tensor is then outlined. The quantum-mechanical framework also provides for a simple approach to classical quadrupole gravitational radiation of Einstein and microscopic spontaneous graviton emission and/or absorption processes.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Comparative analysis of quantum information measures of the Dirichlet and Neumann circular wells. (arXiv:1806.07509v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

Derivation of the analytic expressions of the position and momentum wave functions of the Dirichlet and Neumann circular quantum wells allows an efficient calculation of the corresponding quantum information measures, such as Shannon entropy $S$, Fisher information $I$ and Onicescu energy $O$ for arbitrary principal $n$ and magnetic $m$ quantum numbers. A comparative analysis between the two types of the boundary conditions demonstrates the decreasing difference between the measures for the larger indexes what is explained by the lesser sensitivity of the higher-energy quantum states to the interface requirement. Mathematical results for $S$, $I$ and $O$ are explained from physical point of view; for instance, unrestricted decrease (increase) at $|m|$ or $n$ tending to infinity of the position component of the entropy (Onicescu energy) is due to the transition from the quantum regime to the quasi-classical description. On the example of the lowest-energy Neumann orbital, it is demonstrated that i) the radial linear momentum operator is not a self-adjoint one and ii) two-dimensional entropic uncertainty relation is stronger than its Heisenberg counterpart.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Gyroscope as quantum angular speed meter. (arXiv:1806.07539v1 [physics.optics])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

We found that the measurement sensitivity of an optical integrating gyroscope is fundamentally limited due to ponderomotive action of the light leading to the standard quantum limit of the rotation angle detection. The uncorrelated quantum fluctuations of power of clockwise and counterclockwise electromagnetic waves result in optical power-dependent uncertainty of the angular gyroscope position. We also show that, on the other hand, a quantum back action evading measurement of angular momentum of a gyroscope becomes feasible if proper measurement strategy is selected. The angle is perturbed in this case. This observation hints on fundamental inequivalency of integrating and rate gyroscopes.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Exact generator and its high order expansions in the time-convolutionless generalized master equation: Applications to the spin-boson model and exictation energy transfer. (arXiv:1806.07540v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

The time-convolutionless (TCL) quantum master equation provides a powerful tool to simulate reduced dynamics of a quantum system coupled to a bath. The key quantity in the TCL master equation is the so-called kernel or generator, which describes effects of the bath degrees of freedom. Since the exact TCL generators are usually hard to calculate analytically, most applications of the TCL generalized master equation have relied on approximate generators using second and fourth order perturbative expansions. By using the hierarchical equation of motion (HEOM) and extended HEOM methods, we present a new approach to calculate the exact TCL generator and its high order perturbative expansions. The new approach is applied to the spin-boson model with different sets of parameters, to investigate the convergence of the high order expansions of the TCL generator. We also discuss circumstances where the exact TCL generator becomes singular for the spin-boson model, and a model of excitation energy transfer in the Fenna-Matthews-Olson complex.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Eigenspectra and Statistical Properties of the Klein-Gordon Equation with Cornell Potential: Unequal Mixings of Scalar and Time-Like Vector Potentials. (arXiv:1806.07561v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

The D-dimensional Klein-Gordon (KG) wave equation with unequal scalar and time-like vector Cornell interactions is solved by the Laplace transform method. In fact, we obtained the bound state energy eigenvalues of the spinless relativistic heavy quarkonium systems under such potentials. Further, the stationary states are calculated due to the good behavior of wave functions at the origin and at infinity. The statistical properties of this model are also investigated. Our results are found to be of great importance in particle physics.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Toward demonstrating super-sensitive angular displacement estimation by using orbital angular momentum coherent state and SU(1,1)-SU(2) hybrid interferometer. (arXiv:1806.07580v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

In this paper, we propose a protocol for angular displacement estimation based upon orbital angular momentum coherent state and a SU(1,1)-SU(2) hybrid interferometer. This interferometer consists of an optical parametric amplifier, a beam splitter and reflection mirrors, hereon we use a quantum detection strategy $\---$ balanced homodyne detection. The results indicate that super-resolution and super-sensitivity can be realized with ideal condition. Additionally, we study the impact of photon loss on the resolution and the sensitivity, and the robustness of our protocol is also discussed. Finally, we demonstrate the advantage of our protocol over SU(1,1) and summarize the merits of orbital angular momentum-enhanced protocol.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Many-body forces with the envelope theory. (arXiv:1806.07582v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

Many-body forces are sometimes a relevant ingredient in various fields, such as atomic, nuclear or hadronic physics. Their precise structure is generally difficult to uncover. So, phenomenological effective forces are often used in practice. Nevertheless, they are always very heavy to treat numerically. The envelope theory, also known as the auxiliary field method, is a very efficient technique to obtain approximate, but reliable, solutions of many-body systems interacting via one- or two-body forces. It is adapted here to allow the treatment of a special form of many-body forces. In the most favourable cases, the approximate eigenvalues are analytical lower or upper bounds. Otherwise, numerical approximation can always be computed. Two examples of many-body forces are presented, and the critical coupling constants for generic attractive many-body potentials are computed. Finally, a semiclassical interpretation is given for the generic formula of the eigenvalues.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Gate fidelity comparison in semiconducting spin qubit implementations affected by control noises. (arXiv:1806.07597v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

A comparison of gate fidelities between different spin qubit types defined in quantum dots and donor under different control errors is reported. We studied five qubit types, namely the quantum dot spin qubit, the double quantum dot singlet-triplet qubit, the double quantum dot hybrid qubit, the donor qubit and the quantum dot spin-donor qubit. For each one, we derived analytical time sequences that realize single qubit rotations along the principal axis of Bloch sphere. We estimated the effects on the gate fidelity of errors disturbing the control parameters by using a Gaussian noise model. Then we compared all the gate fidelities for each implementations due to the time interval error by using a realistic set of values for the error parameters of amplitude controls.

Categories: Journals, Physics

The three-body pseudo-potential for atoms confined in one dimension. (arXiv:1806.07600v1 [cond-mat.quant-gas])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

Following a strong analogy with two-dimensional physics, the three-body pseudo-potential in one dimension is derived. The Born approximation is then considered in the context of ultracold atoms in a linear harmonic waveguide. In the vicinity of the dimer threshold a direct connection is made between the zero-range potential and the dimensional reduction of the three-body Schr{\"o}dinger equation.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Quantum Speed-Up at Zero Temperature via Coherent Catalysis. (arXiv:1806.07602v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

It is known that secondary non-stoquastic drivers may offer speed-ups or catalysis in some models of adiabatic quantum computation accompanying the more typical transverse field driver. Their combined intent is to raze potential barriers to zero during adiabatic evolution from a false vacuum to a true minimum; first order phase transitions are softened into second order transitions. We move beyond mean-field analysis to a fully quantum model of a spin ensemble undergoing adiabatic evolution in which the spins are mapped to a variable mass particle in a continuous one-dimensional potential. We demonstrate the necessary criteria for enhanced mobility or `speed-up' across potential barriers is actually a quantum form of the Rayleigh criterion. Quantum catalysis is exhibited in models where previously thought not possible, when barriers cannot be eliminated. For the $3$-spin model with secondary anti-ferromagnetic driver, catalysed time complexity scales between linear and quadratically with the number of qubits. As a corollary, we identify a useful resonance criterion for quantum phase transition that differs from the classical one, but converges on it, in the thermodynamic limit.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Multiparameter estimation via an ensemble of spinor atoms. (arXiv:1806.07630v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

Multiparameter estimation, which aims to simultaneously determine multiple parameters in the same measurement procedure, attracts extensive interests in measurement science and technologies. Here, we propose a multimode many-body quantum interferometry for simultaneously estimating linear and quadratic Zeeman coefficients via an ensemble of spinor atoms. Different from the scheme with individual atoms, by using an $N$-atom multimode GHZ state, the measurement precisions of the two parameters can simultaneously attain the Heisenberg limit, and they respectively depend on the hyperfine spin number $F$ in the form of $\Delta p \propto 1/(FN)$ and $\Delta q \propto 1/(F^2N)$. Moreover, the simultaneous estimation can provide better precision than the individual estimation. Further, by taking a three-mode interferometry with Bose condensed spin-1 atoms for an example, we show how to perform the simultaneous estimation of $p$ and $q$. Our scheme provides a novel paradigm for implementing multiparameter estimation with multimode quantum correlated states.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Non-Markovian Unruh Effect. (arXiv:1806.07662v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

We study memory effects as information backflow for an accelerating two-level detector weakly interacting with a scalar field in the Minkowski vacuum. This is the framework of the well-known Unruh effect: the detector behaves as if it were in a thermal bath with a temperature proportional to its acceleration. Here we show that, if we relax the usual assumption of an eternally uniformly accelerating system, and we instead consider the more realistic case in which a finite-size detector starts accelerating at a certain time, its dynamics may become non-Markovian. Our results are the first description of a relativistic quantum system in terms of information back-flow and non-Markovianity, and they show the existence of a direct link between the trajectory of the detector in Minkowski space and the presence or absence of memory effects.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Spectra in nested Mach-Zehnder interferometer experiments. (arXiv:1806.07693v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

By the means of the standard quantum mechanics formalism I present an explicit derivation of the structure of power spectra in Danan {\em et al.} and Zhou {\em et al.} experiments with nested dynamically changing Mach-Zehnder interferometers. The analysis confirms that we observe prominent, first-order peaks on frequencies related to some of the elements of the interferometer, but not on others. However, as I shall demonstrate, there are also other, weaker effects related to all relevant elements of the setup. In case of the Danan {\em et al.} setup, there are even peaks at all frequencies of element oscillations. When confronted in an experiment, these observations shall challenge the interpretation of the experiments based on anomalous trajectories of light.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Quantum thermodynamics with a Josephson-photonics setup. (arXiv:1806.07700v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

Josephson-photonics devices have emerged in the last years as versatile platforms to study light-charge interactions far from equilibrium and to create nonclassical radiation. Their potential to operate as nanoscale heat engines has also been discussed. The complementary mode of cooling is investigated here in the regimes of low and large photon occupancy, where nonlinearities are essential.

Categories: Journals, Physics

Topologically stable states of the geometric quantum potential. (arXiv:1806.07726v1 [quant-ph])

arXiv.org: Quantum Physics - Thu, 2018-06-21 13:03

We map the geometric quantum potential on the nonlinear sigma model and use homotopy to estimate the lower bound of the geometric quantum potential. We investigate a catenoid (wormhole section), a two dimensional bilayer geometry smoothly connected by a neck and a torus to show that in all these cases the geometric quantum potential creates topologically stable quantum states.

Categories: Journals, Physics
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