We investigate the evolution of the complexity and entanglement following a quench in a one-dimensional topological system, namely the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model. We demonstrate that complexity can detect quantum phase transitions and shows signatures of revivals. This observation provides a practical advantage in information processing. We also show that the complexity saturates much faster than entanglement entropy; we elucidate the physics governing the evolution of these quantities, particularly the saturation timescale. Finally, we highlight a property to which the system's complexity is insensitive, but is captured by measures of entanglement, namely topological order.

Large scale quantum computing is highly anticipated, and quantum circuit design automation needs to keep up with the transition from small scale to large scale problems. Methods to support fast quantum circuit manipulations (e.g.~gate replacement, wire reordering, etc.) or specific circuit analysis operations have not been considered important and have been often implemented in a naive manner thus far. For example, quantum circuits are usually represented in term of one-dimensional gate lists or as directed acyclic graphs. Although implementations for quantum circuit manipulations are often only of polynomial complexity, the sheer number of possibilities to consider with increasing scales of quantum computations make these representations highly inefficient -- constituting a serious bottleneck. At the same time, quantum circuits have structural characteristics, which allow for more specific and faster approaches. This work utilises these characteristics by introducing a dedicated representation for large quantum circuits, namely wire label reference diagrams. We apply the representation to a set of very common circuit transformations, and develop corresponding solutions which achieve orders of magnitude performance improvements for circuits which include up to 80 000 qubits and 200 000 gates. The implementation of the proposed method is available online.

We evaluate the quantum witness based on the no-signaling-in-time condition of a damped two-level system for nonselective generalized measurements of varying strength. We explicitly compute its dependence on the measurement strength for a generic example. We find a vanishing derivative for weak measurements and an infinite derivative in the limit of projective measurements. The quantum witness is hence mostly insensitive to the strength of the measurement in the weak measurement regime and displays a singular, extremely sensitive dependence for strong measurements. We finally relate this behavior to that of the measurement disturbance defined in terms of the fidelity between pre-measurement and post-measurement states.

We demonstrate single-atom resolved imaging with a survival probability of $0.99932(8)$ and a fidelity of $0.99991(1)$, enabling us to perform repeated high-fidelity imaging of single atoms in tweezers for thousands of times. We further observe lifetimes under laser cooling of more than seven minutes, an order of magnitude longer than in previous tweezer studies. Experiments are performed with strontium atoms in $813.4~\text{nm}$ tweezer arrays, which is at a magic wavelength for the clock transition. Recoil heating from fluorescence imaging is mitigated by Sisyphus cooling on the intercombination line, which is suitable for imaging atoms at almost any tweezer wavelength. Using only a single cooling beam, this method yields temperatures near $5~\mu$K in all three tweezer directions. Finally, we demonstrate clock-state resolved detection with average survival probability of $0.996(1)$ and average state detection fidelity of $0.981(1)$. Our work paves the way for atom-by-atom assembly of large defect-free arrays of alkaline-earth atoms, in which repeated interrogation of the clock transition is an imminent possibility.

Directional transmission or amplification of microwave signals is indispensable in various applications involving sensitive measurements. In this work we show in experiment how to use a generic cavity optomechanical setup to non-reciprocally amplify microwave signals above 3 GHz in one direction by 9 decibels, and simultaneously attenuate the transmission in the opposite direction by 21 decibels. We use a device including two on-chip superconducting resonators and two metallic drumhead mechanical oscillators. Application of four microwave pump tone frequencies allows for designing constructive or destructive interference for a signal tone depending on the propagation direction. The device can also be configured as an isolator with a lossless nonreciprocal transmission and 18 dB of isolation.

We propose a non-deterministic CNOT gate based on a quantum cloner, a quantum switch based on all optical routing of single photon by single photon, a quantum-dot spin in a double-sided optical microcavity with two photonic qubits, delay lines and other linear optical photonic devices. Our CNOT provides a fidelity of 78% with directly useful outputs for a quantum computing circuit and requires no ancillary qubits or electron spin measurements.

We consider evolution of a periodically driven quantum system governed by a Hamiltonian which is a product of a slowly varying Hermitian operator and a fast oscillating periodic function with a zero average. The analysis does not rely on the high frequency approximation, and the driving frequency can be both larger or smaller than other characteristic frequencies of the system. It is shown that the adiabatic evolution of the system within degenerate Floquet bands is accompanied by the non-Abelian (non-commuting) geometric phases which can have significant values even after completing a single cycle of the slow variable. For non-driven systems the usual non-Abelian Wilczek-Zee phases appear for adiabatic motion of the system in a manifold of degenerate physical states. By contrast, in the present periodically driven system, the Floquet eigen-energies (quasi-energies) are fully degenerate within individual Floquet bands even if the eigen-energies of the slowly varying part of the original Hamiltonian are not degenerate. Furthermore, there are no dynamical phases accompanying the non-Abelian Floquet geometric phases, as the former average to zero over an oscillation period. The general formalism is illustrated by analyzing a spin in an oscillating magnetic field with an arbitrary strength and a slowly changing direction.

Dissipation can serve as a powerful resource for controlling the behavior of open quantum systems.Recently there has been a surge of interest in the influence of dissipative coupling on large quantum systems and, more specifically, how these processes can influence band topology and phenomena like many-body localization. Here, we explore the engineering of local, tunable dissipation in so-called synthetic lattices, arrays of quantum states that are parametrically coupled in a fashion analogous to quantum tunneling. Considering the specific case of momentum-state lattices, we investigate two distinct mechanisms for engineering controlled loss: one relying on an explicit form of dissipation by spontaneous emission, and another relying on reversible coupling to a large reservoir of unoccupied states. We experimentally implement the latter and demonstrate the ability to tune the local loss rate over a large range. The introduction of controlled loss to the synthetic lattice toolbox promises to pave the way for studying the interplay of dissipation with topology, disorder, and interactions.

We present an exact solution to the one-dimensional (1-D) scattering-from-a-barrier problem for an incident neutron described by a wave packet. As an aid to presenting our approach, we spend some time on a basic review of how wave packets appear in standard quantum mechanics (SQM), paying attention to interpretive aspects of a working theory both familiar on the one hand while historically subject to debates, confusion, and misunderstandings on the other. Several appendices also are included to address various mathematical issues that may be helpful to some readers.

Characterizing charge noise is of prime importance to the semiconductor spin qubit community. We analyze the echo amplitude data from a recent experiment [Yoneda et al., Nat. Nanotechnol. 13, 102 (2018)] and note that the data shows small but consistent deviations from a $1/f^\alpha$ noise power spectrum at the higher frequencies in the measured range. We report the results of using a physical noise model based on two-level fluctuators to fit the data and find that it can mostly explain the deviations. While our results are suggestive rather than conclusive, they provide what may be an early indication of a high-frequency cutoff in the charge noise. The location of this cutoff, where the power spectral density of the noise gradually rolls off from $1/f$ to $1/f^2$, crucial knowledge for designing precise qubit control pulses, is given by our fit of the data to be around 200 kHz.

This a response to "Yes They Can! ..." (a comment on [5]) by J.S. Shaari et al. [9]. We show that the claims in the comment do not hold up and that all the conclusions obtained in [5] are correct. In particular, the two considered kinds of two-way communication protocols (ping-pong and LM05) under a quantum-man-in-the-middle (QMM) attack have neither a critical disturbance (D), nor a valid privacy amplification (PA) procedure, nor an unconditional security proof. However, we point out that there is another two-way protocol which does have a critical D and a valid PA and which is resistant to a QMM attack.

We propose a novel scheme to simulate Z_2 topological insulators via one-dimensional (1D) cavity optomechanical cells array. The direct mapping between 1D cavity optomechanical cells array and 2D quantum spin Hall (QSH) system can be achieved by using diagonalization and dimensional reduction methods. We show that the topological features of the present model can be captured using a 1D generalized Harper equation with an additional SU(2) guage structure. Interestingly, spin pumping of effective photon-phonon bosons can be naturally derived after scanning the additional periodic parameter, which means that we can realize the transition between different QSH edge states.

Lackadaisical quantum walk(LQW) has been an efficient technique in searching a target state from a database which is distributed on a two-dimensional lattice. We numerically study quantum search algorithm based on lackadaisical quantum walk on one and two dimensions. It is observed that specific values of the self-loop weight at each vertex of the graph is responsible for such speedup of the algorithm. Searching a target state on one-dimension with periodic boundary conditions is seen to speedup while using lackadaisical quantum walk as evolution of the initial state, which is otherwise inefficient for standard(non-lackadaisical) quantum walk. Using lackadaisical quantum walk and amplitude amplification one can get a target state of $\mathcal{O}(1)$ success probability after $T \leq \mathcal{O} \left( \sqrt{N} \log^{3/2} N\right)$ time steps. Our numerical simulation suggests that lackadaisical quantum walk can search one of the $M$ target states on a two-dimensional lattice in $\mathcal{O}\left(\sqrt{\frac{N}{M}\log \frac{N}{M}}\right)$ time steps.

Weak value amplification can introduce signal enhancement property into quantum measurement process, and has been widely used to improve the standard optical interferometric techniques and observe a series of weak optical effect. It is very appealing to study the merging of weak value amplification into the atomic interferometric process. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the first realization of weak value amplification in the trapped ion system. Our measurement model identifies the internal electronic states and external motional states of a single trapped $^{40}$Ca$^+$ ion as the system degree and pointer degree respectively, and their controllable weak linear coupling is provided by a bichromatic light field. By performing appropriate postselection on the internal states, a tiny position displacement of $\sim \SI{4}{\angstrom } $ of the trapped ion is amplified to $\sim \SI{10}{\nano\meter}$ in our experiment. The extreme sensitivity of the amplification effect to the superposition phase of the quantum state is also demonstrated. This experiment can serve as an important step towards the exploration of weak value amplification in atomic interferometric techniques and has much potential in the studies of fundamental quantum mechanics and quantum metrology.

We consider a hybrid optomechanical system which is composed of the atomic ensemble and a standard optomechanical cavity driven by the periodically modulated external laser field. We investigate the asymptotic behaviors of Heisenberg operator first moments and clearly show the approaching process between the exact numerical results and analytical solutions. Based on the specific modulation forms of external driving and effective optomechanical coupling, we discuss in detail the atom-mirror entanglement enhancement, respectively. Compared with the constant driving regime, the entanglement can be greatly enhanced with more loose cavity decay rate and is more resistant to the thermal fluctuations of the mechanical bath. The desired form of periodically modulated effective optomechanical coupling can be precisely engineered by the external driving modulation components which can be derived analytically via Laplace transform. Meanwhile, resorting to the quantum interference mechanism caused by atomic ensemble and modulating the external driving appropriately, the mechanical squeezing induced by the periodic modulation can be generated successfully in the unresolved regime.

We introduce a complete Bell measurement on atomic qubits based on two photon interactions with optical cavities and discrimination of coherent states of light. The dynamical system is described by the Dicke model for two three-level atoms interacting in two-photon resonance with a single-mode of the radiation field, which is known to effectively generate a non-linear two-photon interaction between the field and two states of each atom. For initial coherent states with large mean photon number, the field state is well represented by two coherent states at half revival time. For certain product states of the atoms, we prove the coherent generation of GHZ states with two atomic qubits and two orthogonal Schr\"odinger cat states as a third qubit. For arbitrary atomic states, we show that discriminating the two states of the field corresponds to different operations in the Bell basis of the atoms. By repeating this process with a second cavity with a dephased coherent state, we demonstrate the implementation of a complete Bell measurement. Experimental feasibility of our protocols is discussed for cavity-QED, circuit-QED and trapped ions setups.

In the usual optomechanical systems, the stability of the systems severely limits those researches of the macroscopic quantum effects. We study an usual cavity optomechanical system where the frequency of the optical mode is shaken periodically. We find that, when the optical shaking frequency is large enough, the shake of the optical mode can stabilize the system. That means we can study the macroscopic quantum effects of the mechanical resonator even in the strong coupling region where the standard optomechanical systems are always unstable. As examples, we study the ground-state cooling of the mechanical resonator and the entanglement between the optical and mechanical modes in the conventional unstable region, and the results indicate that the final mean phonon number and entanglement not only can be achieved but also can be modulated by the optical shaking parameters. Our proposal provides a method to study the macroscopic quantum effects even in conventional unstable region.

Nonadiabatic holonomic quantum computation has received increasing attention due to its robustness against control errors as well as high-speed realization. The original protocol of nonadiabatic holonomic one-qubit gates has been experimentally demonstrated with superconducting transmon qutrit. However, the original protocol requires two noncommuting gates to realize an arbitrary one-qubit gate, which doubles the exposure time of gates to error sources and therefore makes the gates vulnerable to environment-induced decoherence. Single-shot protocol was subsequently proposed to realize an arbitrary one-qubit nonadiabatic holonomic gate. In this paper, we experimentally realize the single-shot protocol of nonadiabatic holonomic single qubit gates with a superconducting Xmon qutrit, where all the Clifford element gates are realized by a single-shot implementation. Characterized by quantum process tomography and randomized benchmarking, the single-shot gates reach a fidelity larger than 99%.

The dynamics of mixedness and entanglement is examined by solving the time-dependent Schr\"{o}dinger equation for three coupled harmonic oscillator system with arbitrary time-dependent frequency and coupling constants parameters. We assume that part of oscillators is inaccessible and remaining oscillators accessible. We compute the dynamics of entanglement between inaccessible and accessible oscillators. In order to show the dynamics pictorially we introduce three quenched models. In the quenched models both mixedness and entanglement exhibit oscillatory behavior in time with multi-frequencies. It is shown that the mixedness for the case of one inaccessible oscillator is larger than that for the case of two inaccessible oscillators in the most time interval. Contrary to the mixedness entanglement for the case of one inaccessible oscillator is smaller than that for the case of two inaccessible oscillators in the most time interval.

The complex eigenvalues of some non-Hermitian Hamiltonians, e.g. parity-time symmetric Hamiltonians, come in complex-conjugate pairs. We show that for non-Hermitian scattering Hamiltonians (of a structureless particle in one dimension) possesing one of four certain symmetries, the poles of the $S$-matrix eigenvalues in the complex momentum plane are symmetric about the imaginary axis, i.e. they are complex-conjugate pairs in complex-energy plane. This applies even to states which are not bounded eigenstates of the system, i.e. antibound or virtual states, resonances, and antiresonances. The four Hamiltonian symmetries are formulated as the commutation of the Hamiltonian with specific antilinear operators. Example potentials with such symmetries are constructed and their pole structures and scattering properties are calculated.