Physics

Fluorescence microscopy: A statistics-optics perspective

Reviews of Modern Physics - Wed, 2024-06-05 12:00

Author(s): Mohamadreza Fazel, Kristin S. Grussmayer, Boris Ferdman, Aleksandra Radenovic, Yoav Shechtman, Jörg Enderlein, and Steve Pressé

For centuries, human fascination with the living world motivated the development of tools for visualizing life’s events at the spatiotemporal scales beyond our visual range. While all optical microscopes use light to probe the object of interest, fluorescence microscopes can discern between the object and background at the molecular scale. At this scale, the stochastic properties of light are fundamental to interpreting fluorescence microscopy data. Accordingly quantitative methods that enable such interpretation necessitate stochastic perspective and the use of statistical concepts. The physical-optical principles governing the formation of fluorescent images and modeling tools interpreting these images while accounting for the stochasticity of light and measurements are reviewed.


[Rev. Mod. Phys. 96, 025003] Published Wed Jun 05, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

A Simple Electronic Circuit Manifests a Complex Physical Effect

APS Physics - Wed, 2024-06-05 12:00

Author(s): Charles Day

Using a single set of measurements of an electronic circuit, researchers have characterized the properties of the topologically protected edge states of a quantum Hall system.


[Physics 17, s63] Published Wed Jun 05, 2024

Categories: Physics

Antiferromagnetic Bosonic $t\mathbit{–}J$ Models and Their Quantum Simulation in Tweezer Arrays

Author(s): Lukas Homeier, Timothy J. Harris, Tizian Blatz, Sebastian Geier, Simon Hollerith, Ulrich Schollwöck, Fabian Grusdt, and Annabelle Bohrdt

The combination of optical tweezer arrays with strong interactions—via dipole exchange of molecules and Van der Waals interactions of Rydberg atoms—has opened the door for the exploration of a wide variety of quantum spin models. A next significant step will be the combination of such settings with …


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 230401] Published Tue Jun 04, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Iterative Construction of Conserved Quantities in Dissipative Nearly Integrable Systems

Author(s): Iris Ulčakar and Zala Lenarčič

Integrable systems offer rare examples of solvable many-body problems in the quantum world. Because of the fine-tuned structure, their realization in nature and experiment is never completely accurate, and therefore effects of integrability are observed only transiently. One way to overcome this lim…


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 230402] Published Tue Jun 04, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Sensing Magnetic Fields with an Array of Single Atoms

APS Physics - Tue, 2024-06-04 12:00

Author(s): Andrea Parlangeli

Using an atomic array originally designed for quantum memory, researchers have demonstrated a magnetometer with unprecedented spatial resolution.


[Physics 17, 92] Published Tue Jun 04, 2024

Categories: Physics

Improving Assessments of Climate Tipping Points

APS Physics - Tue, 2024-06-04 12:00

Author(s): Marric Stephens

Statistical properties of fluctuations of certain parameters describing a complex system can reveal when that system is approaching a tipping point.


[Physics 17, s64] Published Tue Jun 04, 2024

Categories: Physics

Relations between Markovian and non-Markovian correlations in multitime quantum processes

PRA: Quantum information - Mon, 2024-06-03 12:00

Author(s): Guilherme Zambon and Diogo O. Soares-Pinto

In the dynamics of open quantum systems, information may propagate in time through either the system or the environment, giving rise to Markovian and non-Markovian temporal correlations, respectively. However, despite their notable coexistence in most physical situations, it is not yet clear how the…


[Phys. Rev. A 109, 062401] Published Mon Jun 03, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Simulating the spin-boson model with a controllable reservoir in an ion trap

PRA: Quantum information - Mon, 2024-06-03 12:00

Author(s): G.-X. Wang, Y.-K. Wu, R. Yao, W.-Q. Lian, Z.-J. Cheng, Y.-L. Xu, C. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y.-Z. Xu, B.-X. Qi, P.-Y. Hou, Z.-C. Zhou, L. He, and L.-M. Duan

The spin-boson model is a prototypical model for open quantum dynamics. Here we simulate the spin-boson model using a chain of trapped ions in which a spin is coupled to a structured reservoir of bosonic modes. We engineer the spectral density of the reservoir by adjusting the ion number, the target…


[Phys. Rev. A 109, 062402] Published Mon Jun 03, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Investigating controlled teleportation capability of quantum states with respect to $k$-separability

PRA: Quantum information - Mon, 2024-06-03 12:00

Author(s): Minjin Choi, Jeonghyeon Shin, Gunho Lee, and Eunok Bae

Quantum teleportation is an essential application of quantum entanglement. The examination of teleportation fidelity in two-party standard teleportation schemes reveals a critical threshold distinguishing separable and entangled states. For separable states, their teleportation fidelities cannot exc…


[Phys. Rev. A 109, 062403] Published Mon Jun 03, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Active learning for quantum mechanical measurements

PRA: Quantum information - Mon, 2024-06-03 12:00

Author(s): Ruidi Zhu, Ciara Pike-Burke, and Florian Mintert

The experimental evaluation of many quantum mechanical quantities requires the estimation of several directly measurable observables, such as local observables. Due to the necessity to repeat experiments on individual quantum systems in order to estimate expectation values of observables, the questi…


[Phys. Rev. A 109, 062404] Published Mon Jun 03, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Sufficient conditions, lower bounds, and trade-off relations for quantumness in Kirkwood-Dirac quasiprobability

PRA: Quantum information - Mon, 2024-06-03 12:00

Author(s): Agung Budiyono

Kirkwood-Dirac (KD) quasiprobability is a quantum analog of classical phase space probability. It offers an informationally complete representation of quantum state wherein the quantumness associated with quantum noncommutativity manifests in its nonclassical values, i.e., the nonreal and/or negativ…


[Phys. Rev. A 109, 062405] Published Mon Jun 03, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Classical shadow tomography with mutually unbiased bases

PRA: Quantum information - Mon, 2024-06-03 12:00

Author(s): Yu Wang and Wei Cui

Classical shadow tomography, harnessing randomized informationally complete (IC) measurements, provides an effective avenue for predicting many properties of unknown quantum states. In n-qubit systems, projections onto 2n+1 mutually unbiased bases (MUBs) are widely recognized as minimal and optimal …


[Phys. Rev. A 109, 062406] Published Mon Jun 03, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Efficient Initialization of Fluxonium Qubits based on Auxiliary Energy Levels

Author(s): Tenghui Wang, Feng Wu, Fei Wang, Xizheng Ma, Gengyan Zhang, Jianjun Chen, Hao Deng, Ran Gao, Ruizi Hu, Lu Ma, Zhijun Song, Tian Xia, Make Ying, Huijuan Zhan, Hui-Hai Zhao, and Chunqing Deng

Fast and high-fidelity qubit initialization is crucial for low-frequency qubits such as fluxonium, and in applications of many quantum algorithms and quantum error correction codes. In a circuit quantum electrodynamics system, the initialization is typically achieved by transferring the state betwee…


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 230601] Published Mon Jun 03, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Drug-Resistance Mutations Find Strength in Small Numbers

APS Physics - Mon, 2024-06-03 12:00

Author(s): Kirill Korolev

A new model, vetted by experiments on lung cancer cells, may help to explain how cancer and other diseases accumulate drug-resistance mutations that can compromise the effectiveness of treatments.


[Physics 17, 90] Published Mon Jun 03, 2024

Categories: Physics

High Schmidt Number Concentration in Quantum Bound Entangled States

Author(s): Robin Krebs and Mariami Gachechiladze

A deep understanding of quantum entanglement is vital for advancing quantum technologies. The strength of entanglement can be quantified by counting the degrees of freedom that are entangled, which results in a quantity called the Schmidt number. A particular challenge is to identify the strength of…


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 220203] Published Fri May 31, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Chiral Basis for Qubits and Spin-Helix Decay

Author(s): Vladislav Popkov, Xin Zhang, Frank Göhmann, and Andreas Klümper

We propose a qubit basis composed of transverse spin helices with kinks. Unlike the usual computational basis, this chiral basis is well-suited for describing quantum states with nontrivial topology. Choosing appropriate parameters the operators of the transverse spin components, σnx and σny, become…


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 220404] Published Fri May 31, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Local Integrals of Motion in Dipole-Conserving Models with Hilbert Space Fragmentation

Author(s): Patrycja Łydżba, Peter Prelovšek, and Marcin Mierzejewski

Hilbert space fragmentation is an ergodicity-breaking phenomenon, in which the Hamiltonian shatters into exponentially many dynamically disconnected sectors. In many fragmented systems, these sectors can be labeled by statistically localized integrals of motion, which are nonlocal operators. We stud…


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 220405] Published Fri May 31, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

Fewer Measurements from Shadow Tomography with $N$-Representability Conditions

Author(s): Irma Avdic and David A. Mazziotti

Classical shadow tomography provides a randomized scheme for approximating the quantum state and its properties at reduced computational cost with applications in quantum computing. In this Letter we present an algorithm for realizing fewer measurements in the shadow tomography of many-body systems.…


[Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 220802] Published Fri May 31, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics

How to Charge Up a Sliding Water Drop

APS Physics - Fri, 2024-05-31 12:00

Author(s): Elizabeth Fernandez

Experiments and theory explain how charge builds up in a moving water drop and why the effect requires a water-repelling surface.


[Physics 17, 91] Published Fri May 31, 2024

Categories: Physics

Coherence quantifier based on the quantum optimal transport cost

PRA: Quantum information - Fri, 2024-05-31 12:00

Author(s): Xian Shi

In this work, we present a coherence measure based on the quantum optimal transport cost in terms of the convex roof extended method. We also obtain the analytical solutions of the quantifier for pure states. We also propose an operational interpretation of the coherence measure for pure states.


[Phys. Rev. A 109, 052443] Published Fri May 31, 2024

Categories: Journals, Physics
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