Author(s): Hashem Zoubi

We study many-particle phenomena of propagating multimode photons and phonons interacting through a Brillouin scattering type Hamiltonian in nanoscale waveguides. We derive photon and phonon retarded Green's functions and extract their spectral functions in applying the factorization approximation o...

[Phys. Rev. A 101, 043803] Published Fri Apr 03, 2020

Author(s): Wen-Tao Xu, Qi Zhang, and Guang-Ming Zhang

The non-Abelian topological phase with Fibonacci anyons minimally supports universal quantum computation. In order to investigate the possible phase transitions out of the Fibonacci topological phase, we propose a generic quantum-net wave function with two tuning parameters dual with each other, and...

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 130603] Published Fri Apr 03, 2020

Author(s): Michael Schirber

Sound waves generate large-amplitude spin waves that travel long distances in a magnetic film and that could be used to carry information.

[Physics 13, 51] Published Fri Apr 03, 2020

Categories: Physics

Author(s): Andrii M. Sokolov and Eugene V. Stolyarov

We study the dispersive readout of a qubit in the ultimate limit of a single-photon probe. The use of a single-photon probe avoids the errors due to nonorthogonality of coherent states. A photodetector is used in the scheme we consider. The dynamics of the system is studied using the Heisenberg-Lang...

[Phys. Rev. A 101, 042306] Published Fri Apr 03, 2020

The presence of global conserved quantities in interacting systems generically leads to diffusive transport at late times. Here, we show that systems conserving the dipole moment of an associated global charge, or even higher moment generalizations thereof, escape this scenario, displaying subdiffusive decay instead. Modelling the time evolution as cellular automata for specific cases of dipole- and quadrupole-conservation, we numerically find distinct anomalous exponents of the late time relaxation. We explain these findings by analytically constructing a general hydrodynamic model that results in a series of exponents depending on the number of conserved moments, yielding an accurate description of the scaling form of charge correlation functions. We analyze the spatial profile of the correlations and discuss potential experimentally relevant signatures of higher moment conservation.

In solid state physics, giant magnetoresistance is the large change in electrical resistance due to an external magnetic field. Here we show that giant magnetoresistance is possible in a spin chain composed of weakly interacting layers of strongly coupled spins. This is found for all system sizes even down to a minimal system of four spins. The mechanism driving the effect is a mismatch in the energy spectrum resulting in spin excitations being reflected at the boundaries between layers. This mismatch, and thus the current, can be controlled by external magnetic fields resulting in giant magnetoresistance. A simple rule for determining the behavior of the spin transport under the influence of a magnetic field is presented based on the energy levels of the strongly coupled spins.

Determination of classical and quantum values of bipartite Bell inequalities plays a central role in quantum nonlocality. In this work, we characterize in a simple way bipartite Bell inequalities, free of marginal terms, for which the quantum value can be achieved by considering a classical strategy, for any number of measurement settings and outcomes. These findings naturally generalize known results about nonlocal computation and quantum XOR games. Additionally, our technique allows us to determine the classical value for a wide class of Bell inequalities, having quantum advantage or not, in any bipartite scenario.

Computational methods are the most effective tools we have besides scientific experiments to explore the properties of complex biological systems. Progress is slowing because digital silicon computers have reached their limits in terms of speed. Other types of computation using radically different architectures, including neuromorphic and quantum, promise breakthroughs in both speed and efficiency. Quantum computing exploits the coherence and superposition properties of quantum systems to explore many possible computational paths in parallel. This provides a fundamentally more efficient route to solving some types of computational problems, including several of relevance to biological simulations. In particular, optimisation problems, both convex and non-convex, feature in many biological models, including protein folding and molecular dynamics. Early quantum computers will be small, reminiscent of the early days of digital silicon computing. Understanding how to exploit the first generation of quantum hardware is crucial for making progress in both biological simulation and the development of the next generations of quantum computers. This review outlines the current state-of-the-art and future prospects for quantum computing, and provides some indications of how and where to apply it to speed up bottlenecks in biological simulation.

Simultaneous quantum estimation of multiple parameters has recently become essential in quantum metrology. Although the ultimate sensitivity of a multiparameter quantum estimation in noiseless environments can beat the standard quantum limit that every classical sensor is bounded by, it is unclear whether the quantum sensor has an advantage over the classical one under realistic noise. In this work, we present a framework of the simultaneous estimation of multiple parameters with quantum sensors in a certain noisy environment. Our multiple parameters to be estimated are three components of an external magnetic field, and we consider the noise that causes only dephasing. We show that there is an optimal sensing time in the noisy environment and the sensitivity can beat the standard quantum limit when the noisy environment is non-Markovian.

We present a model for the coupling of non-relativistic quantum systems with a linearized gravitational field from a Lagrangian formulation. The coupling strongly resembles the light-matter interaction models that are known to be well approximated by the Unruh-DeWitt detector model for interactions with quantum fields. We then apply our model to linearized quantum gravity, which allows us to propose a detector based setup that can in principle probe the quantum nature of the gravitational field.

We investigate the size of discrete time crystals in the range s = 10 - 100 (ratio of response period to driving period) that can be created for a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) bouncing resonantly on an oscillating mirror. We consider the effects of having a realistic soft Gaussian potential mirror for the bouncing BEC, such as that produced by a repulsive light-sheet, which is found to have a significant effect on the dynamics of the system. Finally, we discuss the choice of atomic system for creating time crystals based on a bouncing BEC and present an experimental protocol for realizing big time crystals. Such a system provides a platform for investigating a broad range of non-trivial condensed matter phenomena in the time domain.

The monogamy relations satisfied by quantum correlation measures play important roles in quantum information processing. Generally they are given in summation form. In this note, we study monogamy relations in product form. We present product-form monogamy relations for Bell nonlocality for three-qubit and multi-qubit quantum systems. We then extend our studies to other quantum correlations such as concurrence.

In this paper, we discuss a construction method of quantum deletion error-correcting codes. First of all, we define deletion errors for quantum states, an encoder, a decoder, and two conditions which is expressed by only the combinatorial language. Then, we prove that quantum deletion error-correcting codes can be constructed by two sets that satisfy the conditions. In other words, problems that correct the deletion errors for quantum states are reduced to problems that find the sets satisfying the condition by this paper. Also, we performed experiment of the codes over IBM Quantum Experience.

We construct a large family of Planar Maximally Entangled (PME) states which are a wider class of multi-partite entangled states than Absolutely Maximally Entangled (AME) states. We show that in contrast to AMEs, PMEs are easier to find and there are various PMEs for any even number of qudits. In particular, while it is known that no AME state of four qubits exists, we show that there are two distinct multi-parameter classes of four qubit PMEs. We also give explicit families of PMEs for any even number of particles and for any dimension.

We show that the presence of a harmonic trap may in itself lead to many-body localization for cold atoms confined in that trap in a quasi-one-dimensional geometry. Specifically, the coexistence of delocalized phase in the center of the trap with localized region closer to the edges is predicted with the borderline dependent on the curvature of the trap. The phenomenon, similar in its origin to Stark localization, should be directly observed with cold atomic species. We discuss both the spinless and the spinful fermions, for the latter we address Stark localization at the same time as it has not been analyzed up till now.

Improving the efficiency and accuracy of energy calculations has been of significant and continued interest in the area of materials informatics, a field that applies machine learning techniques to computational materials data. Here, we present a heuristic quantum-classical algorithm to efficiently model the energy of substitutionally disordered binary crystalline materials. Specifically, a quantum circuit, that scales linearly in its parameters, is designed to predict the energies of quantum chemical simulations in an exponentially-scaling feature space. This circuit is trained by classical supervised-learning using data obtained from classically-computed quantum chemical simulations. The algorithm is able to detect and rectify anomalies in the data. The feasibility of the algorithm is demonstrated on the layer-structured Li-cobaltate system, a widely-used Li-ion battery cathode material component. The result shows that our quantum circuit model presents a suitable choice for modelling the energies obtained from a quantum mechanical system. Analysis of the anomalous data provides insights into the thermodynamic properties of the system studied.

State of a $d$-dimensional quantum system can only be inferred by performing an informationally complete measurement with $m\geqslant d^2$ outcomes. However, an experimentally accessible measurement can be informationally incomplete. Here we show that a single informationally incomplete measuring apparatus is still able to provide all the information about the quantum system if applied several times in a row. We derive a necessary and sufficient condition for such a measuring apparatus and give illustrative examples for qubits, qutrits, general $d$-level systems, and composite systems of $n$ qubits, where such a measuring apparatus exists. We show that projective measurements and L\"{u}ders measurements with 2 outcomes are useless in the considered scenario.

Electro-optic modulators within Mach--Zehnder interferometers are a common construction for optical switches in integrated photonics. A challenge faced when operating at high switching speeds is that noise from the electronic drive signals will effect switching performance. Inspired by the Mach--Zehnder lattice switching devices of Van Campenhout et al. [Opt. Express, 17, 23793 (2009)] and techniques from the field of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance known as composite pulses, we present switches which offer protection against drive-noise in both the on and off state of the switch for both the phase and intensity information encoded in the switched optical mode.

Finite fermion systems are known to exhibit shell structure in the weakly-interacting regime, as well known from atoms, nuclei, metallic clusters or even quantum dots in two dimensions. All these systems have in common that the particle interactions between electrons or nucleons are spatially isotropic. Dipolar quantum systems as they have been realized with ultra-cold gases, however, are governed by an intrinsic anisotropy of the two-body interaction that depends on the orientation of the dipoles relative to each other. Here we investigate how this interaction anisotropy modifies the shell structure in a weakly interacting two-dimensional anisotropic harmonic trap. Going beyond Hartree-Fock by applying the so-called "importance-truncated" configuration interaction (CI) method as well as quadratic CI with single- and double-substitutions, we show how the magnetostriction in the system may be counteracted upon by a deformation of the isotropic confinement, restoring the symmetry.

Pivotal within quantum physics, the concept of quantum incompatibility is generally related to algebraic aspects of the formalism, such as commutation relations and unbiasedness of bases. Recently, the concept was identified as a resource in tasks involving quantum state discrimination and quantum programmability. Here we link quantum incompatibility with the amount of information that can be extracted from a system upon successive measurements of noncommuting observables, a scenario related to communication tasks. This approach leads us to characterize incompatibility as a resource encoded in a physical context, which involves both the quantum state and observables. Moreover, starting with a measure of context incompatibility we derive a measurement-incompatibility quantifier that is easily computable, admits a geometrical interpretation, and is maximum only if the eigenbases of the involved observables are mutually unbiased.