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Author(s): Marcin Karczewski, Marcin Markiewicz, Dagomir Kaszlikowski, and Paweł Kurzyński

We investigate an operational description of identical noninteracting particles in multiports. In particular, we look for physically motivated restrictions that explain their bunching probabilities. We focus on a symmetric 3-port in which a triple of superquantum particles admitted by our generalize...

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 080401] Published Fri Feb 23, 2018

Author(s): Ryusuke Hamazaki and Masahito Ueda

The eigenstate thermalization hypothesis (ETH), which dictates that all diagonal matrix elements within a small energy shell be almost equal, is a major candidate to explain thermalization in isolated quantum systems. According to the typicality argument, the maximum variations of such matrix elemen...

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 080603] Published Fri Feb 23, 2018

Author(s): B. X. Wang and C. Y. Zhao

Understanding radiative transfer in random media like micro- or nanoporous and particulate materials, allows people to manipulate the scattering and absorption of radiation, as well as opens new possibilities in applications such as imaging through turbid media, photovoltaics, and radiative cooling....

[Phys. Rev. A 97, 023836] Published Fri Feb 23, 2018

Author(s): Mark Buchanan

Chains of metallic beads act a lot like polymer molecules, even though real polymers are in constant motion.

[Physics 11, 20] Published Fri Feb 23, 2018

Categories: Physics

Author(s): Nicolas Didier, Eyob A. Sete, Marcus P. da Silva, and Chad Rigetti

Building a scalable quantum computer requires developing appropriate models to understand and verify its complex quantum dynamics. We focus on superconducting quantum processors based on transmons for which full numerical simulations are already challenging at the level of qubytes. It is thus highly...

[Phys. Rev. A 97, 022330] Published Fri Feb 23, 2018

Author(s): Iman Sargolzahi and Sayyed Yahya Mirafzali

We consider a bipartite quantum system S=AB such that the part A is isolated from the environment E and only the part B interacts with E. Under such circumstances, entanglement of the system may experience decreases and increases, during the evolution of the system. Here, we show that the entangleme...

[Phys. Rev. A 97, 022331] Published Fri Feb 23, 2018

Author(s): Rawad Mezher, Joe Ghalbouni, Joseph Dgheim, and Damian Markham

Measurement based (MB) quantum computation allows for universal quantum computing by measuring individual qubits prepared in entangled multipartite states, known as graph states. Unless corrected for, the randomness of the measurements leads to the generation of ensembles of random unitaries, where ...

[Phys. Rev. A 97, 022333] Published Fri Feb 23, 2018

Author(s): Zhi-Chao Zhang, Yan-Qi Song, Ting-Ting Song, Fei Gao, Su-Juan Qin, and Qiao-Yan Wen

For general quantum systems, many sets of locally indistinguishable orthogonal quantum states have been constructed so far. However, it is interesting how much entanglement resources are sufficient and/or necessary to distinguish these states by local operations and classical communication (LOCC). H...

[Phys. Rev. A 97, 022334] Published Fri Feb 23, 2018

Author(s): Zhuo-Ping Hong, Bao-Jie Liu, Jia-Qi Cai, Xin-Ding Zhang, Yong Hu, Z. D. Wang, and Zheng-Yuan Xue

Geometric phases are well known to be noise resilient in quantum evolutions and operations. Holonomic quantum gates provide us with a robust way towards universal quantum computation, as these quantum gates are actually induced by non-Abelian geometric phases. Here we propose and elaborate how to ef...

[Phys. Rev. A 97, 022332] Published Fri Feb 23, 2018

We introduce and describe a class of simple facilitated quantum spin models in which the dynamics is due to the repeated application of unitary gates. The gates are applied periodically in time, so their combined action constitutes a Floquet unitary. The dynamics of the models we discuss can be classically simulated, and their eigenstates classically constructed (although they are highly entangled). We consider a variety of models in both one and two dimensions, involving Clifford gates and Toffoli gates. For some of these models, we explicitly construct conserved densities; thus these models are "integrable." The other models do not seem to be integrable; yet, for some system sizes and boundary conditions, their eigenstate entanglement is strongly subthermal. Some of the models have exponentially many eigenstates in which one or more sites are "disentangled" from the rest of the system, as a consequence of reflection symmetry.

Contextuality has been conjectured to be a super-classical resource for quantum computation, analogous to the role of non-locality as a super-classical resource for communication. We show that the presence of contextuality places a lower bound on the amount of classical memory required to simulate any quantum sub-theory, thereby establishing a quantitative connection between contextuality and classical simulability. We apply our result to the qubit stabilizer sub-theory, where the presence of state-independent contextuality has been an obstacle in establishing contextuality as a quantum computational resource. We find that the presence of contextuality in this sub-theory demands that the minimum number of classical bits of memory required to simulate a multi-qubit system must scale quadratically in the number of qubits; notably, this is the same scaling as the Gottesman-Knill algorithm. We contrast this result with the (non-contextual) qudit case, where linear scaling is possible.

Quantum teleportation uses prior shared entanglement and classical communication to send an unknown quantum state from one party to another. Remote state preparation (RSP) is a similar distributed task in which the sender knows the entire classical description of the state to be sent. (This may also be viewed as the task of non-oblivious compression of a single sample from an ensemble of quantum states.) We study the communication complexity of approximate remote state preparation, in which the goal is to prepare an approximation of the desired quantum state. Jain [Quant. Inf. & Comp., 2006] showed that the worst-case communication complexity of approximate RSP can be bounded from above in terms of the maximum possible information in an encoding. He also showed that this quantity is a lower bound for communication complexity of (exact) remote state preparation. In this work, we tightly characterize the worst-case and average-case communication complexity of remote state preparation in terms of non-asymptotic information-theoretic quantities. We also show that the average-case communication complexity of RSP can be much smaller than the worst-case one. In the process, we show that n bits cannot be communicated with less than n transmitted bits in LOCC protocols. This strengthens a result due to Nayak and Salzman [J. ACM, 2006] and may be of independent interest.

We present a bi-confluent Heun potential for the Schr\"odinger equation involving inverse fractional powers and a repulsive centrifugal-barrier term the strength of which is fixed to a constant. This is an infinite potential well defined on the positive half-axis. Each of the fundamental solutions for this conditionally integrable potential is written as an irreducible linear combination of two Hermite functions of a shifted and scaled argument. We present the general solution of the problem, derive the exact energy spectrum equation and construct a highly accurate approximation for the bound-state energy levels.

It is NP-complete to find non-negative factors $W$ and $H$ with fixed rank $r$ from a non-negative matrix $X$ by minimizing $\|X-WH^\top\|_F^2$. Although the separability assumption (all data points are in the conical hull of the extreme rows) enables polynomial-time algorithms, the computational cost is not affordable for big data. This paper investigates how the power of quantum computation can be capitalized to solve the non-negative matrix factorization with the separability assumption (SNMF) by devising a quantum algorithm based on the divide-and-conquer anchoring (DCA) scheme. The design of quantum DCA (QDCA) is challenging. In the divide step, the random projections in DCA is completed by a quantum algorithm for linear operations, which achieves the exponential speedup. We then devise a heuristic post-selection procedure which extracts the information of anchors stored in the quantum states efficiently. Under a plausible assumption, QDCA performs efficiently, achieves the quantum speedup, and is beneficial for high dimensional problems.

This tutorial article provides a concise and pedagogical overview on negatively-charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond. The research on the NV centers has attracted enormous attention for its application to quantum sensing, encompassing the areas of not only physics and applied physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences. Nonetheless, its key technical aspects can be understood from the viewpoint of magnetic resonance. We focus on three facets of this ever-expanding research field, to which our viewpoint is especially relevant: microwave engineering, materials science, and magnetometry. In explaining these aspects, we provide a technical basis and up-to-date technologies for the research on the NV centers.

Collinear antiferromagnets (AFs) support two degenerate magnon excitations carrying opposite spin polarizations, by which magnons can function as electrons in spin transport. We explore the interlayer coupling mediated by antiferromagnetic magnons in an insulating ferromagnet (F)/AF/F trilayer structure. The internal energy of the AF depends on the orientations of the two Fs, which manifests as effective interlayer interactions JS1.S2 and K(S1.S2)^2. Both J and K are functions of temperature and the AF thickness. Interestingly, J is antiferromagnetic at low temperatures and ferromagnetic at high temperatures. In the high-temperature regime, J is estimated to be much larger than the interlayer dipole-dipole interaction, allowing direct experimental verification.

We study the "anti-Unruh effect" for an entangled quantum state in reference to the counterintuitive cooling previously pointed out for an accelerated detector coupled to the vacuum. We show that quantum entanglement for an initially entangled (spacelike separated) bipartite state can be increased when either a detector attached to one particle is accelerated or both detectors attached to the two particles are in simultaneous accelerations. However, if the two particles (e.g., detectors for the bipartite system) are not initially entangled, entanglement cannot be created by the anti-Unruh effect. Thus, within certain parameter regime, this work shows that the anti-Unruh effect can be viewed as an amplification mechanism for quantum entanglement.