We propose a Bell measurement free scheme to implement a quantum repeater in GaAs/AlGa double qunatum dot systems.we prove the four pairs of double quantum dots compose an entanglement unit, given the the initial state is singlet states. Our shceme differs from the famous Duan-Lukin-Cirac-zoller(DLCZ) protocol in that Bell measurements are unneccessary for the entanglement swapping,which provides great advantages and conveniences in experimental implementaion. Our scheme significantly improve the success probability of quantum repeaters based on solid state quantum devices.

The Hamiltonian of the two-photon Dicke model is diagonalized for the normal phase and super-radiant phase beyond the mean-field method respectively, giving the critical coupling strength. Besides a spectral collapse, the super-radiant phase transition is presented by the vanishing of the excitation energy, which is lower than the mean-field results. Finite-size scaling exponents for the ground-state energy and the atomic angular momentum are analytically derived from scaling hypothesis, belonging to the same scaling universality of the one-photon Dicke model.

We study the dynamics of discrete-time quantum walk using quantum coin operations, $\hat{C}(\theta_1)$ and $\hat{C}(\theta_2)$ in time-dependent periodic sequence. For the two-period quantum walk with the parameters $\theta_1$ and $\theta_2$ in the coin operations we show that the standard deviation [$\sigma_{\theta_1, \theta_2} (t)$] is the same as the minimum of standard deviation obtained from one of the one-period quantum walks with coin operations $\theta_1$ or $\theta_2$, $\sigma_{\theta_1, \theta_2}(t) = \min \{\sigma_{\theta_1}(t), \sigma_{\theta_2}(t) \}$. Our numerical result is analytically corroborated using the dispersion relation obtained from the continuum limit of the dynamics. Using the dispersion relation for one- and two-period quantum walks, we present the bounds on the dynamics of three- and higher period quantum walks. We also show that the bounds for the two-period quantum walk will hold good for the split-step quantum walk which is also defined using two coin operators using $\theta_1$ and $\theta_2$. Unlike the previous known connection of discrete-time quantum walks with the massless Dirac equation where coin parameter $\theta=0$, here we show the recovery of the massless Dirac equation with non-zero $\theta$ parameters contributing to the intriguing interference in the dynamics in a totally non-relativistic situation. We also present the effect of periodic sequence on the entanglement between coin and position space.

We give a derivation for the indirect interaction between two magnetic dipoles induced by the quantized electromagnetic field. It turns out that the interaction between permanent dipoles directly returns to the classical form; the interaction between transition dipoles does not directly return to the classical result, yet returns in the short-distance limit. In a finite volume, the field modes are highly discrete, and both the permanent and transition dipole-dipole interactions are changed. For transition dipoles, the changing mechanism is similar with the Purcell effect, since only a few number of nearly resonant modes take effect in the interaction mediation; for permanent dipoles, the correction comes from the boundary effect: if the dipoles are placed close to the boundary, the influence is strong, otherwise, their interaction does not change too much from the free space case.

Jarzynski's nonequilibrium work relation can be understood as the realization of the (hidden) time-generator reciprocal symmetry satisfied for the conditional probability function. To show this, we introduce the reciprocal process where the classical probability theory is expressed with real wave functions, and derive a mathematical relation using the symmetry. We further discuss that the descriptions by the standard Markov process from an initial equilibrium state are indistinguishable from those by the reciprocal process. Then the Jarzynski relation is obtained from the mathematical relation for the Markov processes described by the Fokker-Planck, Kramers and relativistic Kramers equations.

Author(s): Hsuan-Hao Lu, Joseph M. Lukens, Nicholas A. Peters, Ogaga D. Odele, Daniel E. Leaird, Andrew M. Weiner, and Pavel Lougovski

We report the experimental realization of high-fidelity photonic quantum gates for frequency-encoded qubits and qutrits based on electro-optic modulation and Fourier-transform pulse shaping. Our frequency version of the Hadamard gate offers near-unity fidelity (0.99998±0.00003), requires only a sing...

[Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 030502] Published Thu Jan 18, 2018

Author(s): Denis V. Novitsky

We propose a concept of disordered resonant media, which are characterized by random variations of their parameters along the light propagation direction. In particular, a simple model of disorder considered in the paper implies random change of the density of active particles (two-level atoms). Wit...

[Phys. Rev. A 97, 013826] Published Thu Jan 18, 2018

Author(s): Jonathan Cripe, Nancy Aggarwal, Robinjeet Singh, Robert Lanza, Adam Libson, Min Jet Yap, Garrett D. Cole, David E. McClelland, Nergis Mavalvala, and Thomas Corbitt

We describe and demonstrate a method to control a detuned movable-mirror Fabry-Pérot cavity using radiation pressure in the presence of a strong optical spring. At frequencies below the optical spring resonance, self-locking of the cavity is achieved intrinsically by the optomechanical (OM) interact...

[Phys. Rev. A 97, 013827] Published Thu Jan 18, 2018

Author(s): Halyne S. Borges, Daniel Z. Rossatto, Fabrício S. Luiz, and Celso J. Villas-Boas

We theoretically investigate the generation of heralded entanglement between two identical atoms via cavity-assisted photon scattering in two different configurations, namely, either both atoms confined in the same cavity or trapped into locally separated ones. Our protocols are given by a very simp...

[Phys. Rev. A 97, 013828] Published Thu Jan 18, 2018

In recent years, along with the overwhelming advances in the field of neural information processing, quantum information processing (QIP) has shown significant progress in solving problems that are intractable on classical computers. Quantum machine learning (QML) explores the ways in which these fields can learn from one another. We propose quantum walk neural networks (QWNN), a new graph neural network architecture based on quantum random walks, the quantum parallel to classical random walks. A QWNN learns a quantum walk on a graph to construct a diffusion operator which can be applied to a signal on a graph. We demonstrate the use of the network for prediction tasks for graph structured signals.

The class of quantum states known as Werner states have several interesting properties, which often serve to illuminate unusual properties of quantum information. Closely related to these states are the Holevo-Werner channels whose Choi matrices are Werner states. Exploiting the fact that these channels are teleportation covariant, and therefore simulable by teleportation, we compute the ultimate precision in the adaptive estimation of their channel-defining parameter. Similarly, we bound the minimum error probability affecting the adaptive discrimination of any two of these channels. In this case, we prove an analytical formula for the quantum Chernoff bound which also has a direct counterpart for the class of depolarizing channels. Our work exploits previous methods established in [Pirandola and Lupo, PRL 118, 100502 (2017)] to set the metrological limits associated with this interesting class of quantum channels at any finite dimension.

We develop a general framework characterizing the structure and properties of quantum resource theories for continuous-variable Gaussian states and Gaussian operations, establishing methods for their description and quantification. We show in particular that, under a few intuitive and physically-motivated assumptions on the set of free states, no Gaussian quantum resource can be distilled with Gaussian free operations, even when an unlimited supply of the resource state is available. This places fundamental constraints on state transformations in all such Gaussian resource theories. Our methods rely on the definition of a general Gaussian resource quantifier whose value does not change when multiple copies are considered. We discuss in particular the applications to quantum entanglement, where we extend previously known results by showing that Gaussian entanglement cannot be distilled even with Gaussian operations preserving the positivity of the partial transpose, as well as to other Gaussian resources such as steering and optical nonclassicality. A unified semidefinite programming representation of all these resources is provided.

Ever since the early days of quantum mechanics it has been suggested that consciousness could be linked to the collapse of the wave function. However, no detailed account of such an interplay is usually provided. In this paper we present an objective collapse model (a variation of CSL) where the collapse operator depends on integrated information, which has been argued to measure consciousness. By doing so, we construct an empirically adequate scheme in which superpositions of conscious states are dynamically suppressed. Unlike other proposals in which "consciousness causes the collapse of the wave function," our model is fully consistent with a materialistic view of the world and does not require the postulation of entities suspicious of laying outside of the quantum realm.

Closed-system quantum annealing is expected to sometimes fail spectacularly in solving simple problems for which the gap becomes exponentially small in the problem size. Much less is known about whether this gap scaling also impedes open-system quantum annealing. Here we study the performance of a quantum annealing processor in solving the problem of a ferromagnetic chain with sectors of alternating coupling strength. Despite being trivial classically, this is a problem for which the transverse field Ising model is known to exhibit an exponentially decreasing gap in the sector size, suggesting an exponentially decreasing success probability in the sector size if the annealing time is kept fixed. We find that the behavior of the quantum annealing processor departs significantly from this expectation, with the success probability rising and recovering for sufficiently large sector sizes. Rather than correlating with the size of the minimum energy gap, the success probability exhibits a strong correlation with the number of thermally accessible excited states at the critical point. We demonstrate that this behavior is consistent with a quantum open-system description of the process and is unrelated to thermal relaxation. Our results indicate that even when the minimum gap is several orders of magnitude smaller than the processor temperature, the system properties at the critical point still determine the performance of the quantum annealer.

We analyze certain class of linear maps on matrix algebras that become entanglement breaking after composing a finite or infinite number of times with themselves. This means that the Choi matrix of the iterated linear map becomes separable in the tensor product space. If a linear map is entanglement breaking after finite iterations, we say the map has a finite index of separability. In particular we show that every unital PPT-channel becomes entanglement breaking after a finite number of iterations. It turns out that the class of unital channels that have finite index of separability is a dense subset of the unital channels. We construct concrete examples of maps which are not PPT but have finite index of separability. We prove that there is a large class of unital channels that are asymptotically entanglement breaking. This analysis is motivated by the PPT-squared conjecture made by M. Christandl that says every PPT channel, when composed with itself, becomes entanglement breaking.

Quantum coherence can be used to infer presence of a detector without triggering it. Here we point out that according to quantum formalism such interaction-free measurements cannot be perfect, i.e. in a single-shot experiment one has strictly positive probability to activate the detector. We provide a quantitative relation between the probability of activation and probability of inconclusive interaction-free measurement in quantum theory and in a more general framework of density cubes. It turns out that the latter does allow for perfect interaction-free measurements. Their absence is therefore a natural postulate expected to hold in all physical theories.

In reply to the paper Sci. Rep. 7:11115 (2017) by Rousseau and Felbacq, it is here shown at the level of the action that the Power-Zineau-Woolley picture of the electrodynamics of nonrelativistic neutral particles (atoms) is equivalent with the Poincar\'e gauge. Based only on very first principles, this claim does not depend on choices of canonical field momenta or quantization strategies. Furthermore, we point out a freedom of choice of canonical coordinates and momenta in the respective gauges, the conventional choices being good ones in the sense that they drastically reduce the set of system constraints.

Spectroscopic tools are fundamental for the understanding of complex quantum systems. Here we demonstrate high-precision multi-band spectroscopy in a graphene-like lattice using ultracold fermionic atoms. From the measured band structure, we characterize the underlying lattice potential with a relative error of 1.2 10^(-3). Such a precise characterization of complex lattice potentials is an important step towards precision measurements of quantum many-body systems. Furthermore, we explain the excitation strengths into the different bands with a model and experimentally study their dependency on the symmetry of the perturbation operator. This insight suggests the excitation strengths as a suitable observable for interaction effects on the eigenstates.

We analyse the $n$-dimensional superintegrable system proposed by Rodriguez and Winternitz. We find a novel underlying chain structure of quadratic algebras formed by the integrals of motion. We identify the elements for each sub-structure and obtain the algebra relations satisfied by them and the corresponding Casimir operators. These quadratic sub-algebras are realized in terms of a chain of deformed oscillators with factorized structure functions. We construct the finite-dimensional unitary representations of the deformed oscillators, and give an algebraic derivation of the energy spectrum of the superintegrable system.

Starting from a time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation, stationary states of 3D central potentials are obtained. An imaginary-time evolution technique coupled with the minimization of energy expectation value, subject to the orthogonality constraint leads to ground and excited states. The desired diffusion equation is solved by means of a finite-difference approach to produce accurate wave functions, energies, probability densities and other expectation values. Applications in case of 3D isotropic harmonic oscillator, Morse as well the spiked harmonic oscillator are made. Comparison with literature data reveals that this is able to produce high-quality and competitive results. The method could be useful for this and other similar potentials of interest in quantum mechanics. Future and outlook of the method is briefly discussed.