Reviews of Modern Physics

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Recent articles in Reviews of Modern Physics
Updated: 12 hours 51 min ago

Quantum resource theories

Thu, 2019-04-04 12:00

Author(s): Eric Chitambar and Gilad Gour

This review introduces a new development in theoretical quantum physics, the “resource-theoretic” point of view. The approach aims to be closely linked to experiment, and to state exactly what result you can hope to achieve for what expenditure of effort in the laboratory. This development is an extension of the principles of thermodynamics to quantum problems; but there are resources that would never have been considered previously in thermodynamics, such as shared knowledge of a frame of reference. Many additional examples and new quantifications of resources are provided.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 025001] Published Thu Apr 04, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

Topological bands for ultracold atoms

Mon, 2019-03-25 12:00

Author(s): N. R. Cooper, J. Dalibard, and I. B. Spielman

The existence of band structure and topological invariants that characterize Bloch energy bands have consequences for our understanding of a wealth of phenomena in solid-state systems. This article reviews how cold neutral atoms in optical lattices can be exposed to a variety of artificial magnetic field and spin-orbit couplings and allow experimental investigations beyond reach of electron systems in solids.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 015005] Published Mon Mar 25, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

Topological photonics

Mon, 2019-03-25 12:00

Author(s): Tomoki Ozawa, Hannah M. Price, Alberto Amo, Nathan Goldman, Mohammad Hafezi, Ling Lu, Mikael C. Rechtsman, David Schuster, Jonathan Simon, Oded Zilberberg, and Iacopo Carusotto

The robustness of the integer quantum Hall effect of electron systems is due to the existence of a topological invariant that characterizes the variation of the electron wave function over the Brillouin zone. Topological phenomena are generic features of waves in periodic media, and this article reviews how photonic systems such as waveguide arrays and photonic metamaterials allow exploration and application of topological effects in new physical regimes and in new devices.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 015006] Published Mon Mar 25, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

<i>Colloquium</i>: Roper resonance: Toward a solution to the fifty year puzzle

Thu, 2019-03-14 12:00

Author(s): Volker D. Burkert and Craig D. Roberts

The Roper resonance in the strong interaction spectrum has defied understanding for over 50 years. This puzzling unstable particle appears to be an exact copy of the proton except that its mass is 50% greater. In modern terms, the Roper resonance is the proton’s lightest radial excitation, consisting of a dressed-quark core augmented by a cloud of mesons. This Colloquium describes the experimental and theoretical developments that have enabled the picture of the Roper resonance to be drawn.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 011003] Published Thu Mar 14, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

Magnetic small-angle neutron scattering

Mon, 2019-03-04 12:00

Author(s): Sebastian Mühlbauer, Dirk Honecker, Élio A. Périgo, Frank Bergner, Sabrina Disch, André Heinemann, Sergey Erokhin, Dmitry Berkov, Chris Leighton, Morten Ring Eskildsen, and Andreas Michels

Decryption of magnetic small-angle neutron scattering cross sections using micromagnetic simulations.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 015004] Published Mon Mar 04, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

${η}^{′}$ and $η$ mesons with connection to anomalous glue

Fri, 2019-02-15 12:00

Author(s): Steven D. Bass and Pawel Moskal

Properties of hadrons are emergent from the more fundamental quark and gluon degrees of freedom of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). In the hadronic zoo, η and η′ mesons are unique laboratories of gluon dynamics: measurements of η and η′ production are sensitive to behavior of QCD symmetries at finite density and temperature. This review surveys η and η′ meson physics as a probe of QCD dynamics emphasizing recent advances in experiment and theory.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 015003] Published Fri Feb 15, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

Editorial: Synthesizing current research succinctly and elegantly

Wed, 2019-02-13 12:00

Author(s): Randall Kamien

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 010001] Published Wed Feb 13, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

<i>Colloquium</i>: Anomalous metals: Failed superconductors

Mon, 2019-01-28 12:00

Author(s): Aharon Kapitulnik, Steven A. Kivelson, and Boris Spivak

There is no theoretical consensus on the nature of metallic states in two dimensional materials in the presence of interactions and disorder. Quantum and statistical fluctuations couple to each other in an unusual way that defies the conventional wisdom of the standard Landau-Fermi-Drude model for three dimensions. In this Colloquium the intriguing theoretical and experimental aspects of the anomalous metallic state in two dimensions in the context of the proximity of a superconducting phase transition are discussed.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 011002] Published Mon Jan 28, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

<i>Colloquium</i>: Superheavy elements: Oganesson and beyond

Tue, 2019-01-22 12:00

Author(s): S. A. Giuliani, Z. Matheson, W. Nazarewicz, E. Olsen, P.-G. Reinhard, J. Sadhukhan, B. Schuetrumpf, N. Schunck, and P. Schwerdtfeger

Superheavy atoms and their nuclei are at the forefront of experimental and theoretical nuclear and atomic physics, and chemistry. Because of their large atomic numbers, traditional nuclear and atomic concepts have to be revised in superheavy systems. In this Colloquium the latest developments in the field are described and the route for future scientific explorations in this area of research is indicated.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 011001] Published Tue Jan 22, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

The conformal bootstrap: Theory, numerical techniques, and applications

Fri, 2019-01-11 12:00

Author(s): David Poland, Slava Rychkov, and Alessandro Vichi

Conformal symmetry generalizes scale invariance, the hallmark of continuous phase transitions. The additional symmetry highly constrains correlation functions and imposes an infinite set of “crossing” relations between them. It has now become possible to calculate scaling dimensions, critical exponents, and other quantities by exploiting crossing symmetry. This bootstrap program has in some cases provided accurate predictions for critical phenomena. This review provides a state of the art picture of this program.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 015002] Published Fri Jan 11, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

Erratum: Electron-phonon interactions from first principles [Rev. Mod. Phys. <b>89</b>, 15003 (2017)]

Fri, 2019-01-11 12:00

Author(s): Feliciano Giustino

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 019901] Published Fri Jan 11, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics

Electric dipole moments of atoms, molecules, nuclei, and particles

Fri, 2019-01-04 12:00

Author(s): T. E. Chupp, P. Fierlinger, M. J. Ramsey-Musolf, and J. T. Singh

The existence of a nonvanishing electric dipole moment for an elementary particle, atom or molecule, would indicate a violation of time reversal symmetry and parity-symmetry violation. The latter could help resolve the question of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry in the Universe. This review provides a broad overview of theoretical motivations and interpretations as well as details about experimental techniques, experiments, and prospects.

[Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 015001] Published Fri Jan 04, 2019

Categories: Journals, Physics