Efficient C-Phase gate for single-spin qubits in quantum dots

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T. Meunier, V. E. Calado, L. M. K. Vandersypen


arXiv:1010.0164v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall]

Two-qubit interactions are at the heart of quantum information processing. For single-spin qubits in semiconductor quantum dots, the exchange gate has always been considered the natural two-qubit gate. The recent integration of magnetic field or g-factor gradients in coupled quantum dot systems allows for a one-step, robust realization of the controlled phase (C-Phase) gate instead. We analyze the C-Phase gate durations and fidelities that can be obtained under realistic conditions, including the effects of charge and nuclear field fluctuations, and find that the accuracy threshold for faulttolerance can be reached.