Driven-dissipative preparation of entangled states in cascaded quantum-optical networks

Printer-friendly versionSend by emailPDF version

K. Stannigel, P. Rabl, P. Zoller


New J. Phys. 14, 063014, (2012)

We study the dissipative dynamics and the formation of entangled states in driven cascaded quantum networks, where multiple systems are coupled to a common unidirectional bath. Specifically, we identify the conditions under which emission and coherent reabsorption of radiation drives the whole network into a pure stationary state with non-trivial quantum correlations between the individual nodes. We illustrate this effect in more detail for the example of cascaded two-level systems, where we present an explicit preparation scheme that allows one to tune the whole network through 'bright' and 'dark' states associated with different multi-partite entanglement patterns. In a complementary setting consisting of cascaded nonlinear cavities, we find that two cavity modes can be driven into a non-Gaussian entangled dark state. Potential realizations of such cascaded networks with optical and microwave photons are discussed.