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Using Entanglement Against Noise in Quantum Metrology

R. Demkowicz-Dobrzański, L. Maccone
Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 250801 (2014)

Quantum metrology provides super-classical scaling in measurement precision by exploiting quantum effects. A crucial question in the field is to understand when entangled states lead to super-classical scaling.

Detecting nonlocality in many-body quantum states

J. Tura, R. Augusiak, A. B. Sainz, T. Vértesi, M. Lewenstein, and A. Acín
Science 344, 1256 (2014)

Fully device independent quantum key distribution

U. Vazirani, T. Vidick
Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 140501 (2014)

Exponential improvement in precision for simulating sparse Hamiltonians

D. W. Berry, A. M. Childs, R. Cleve, R. Kothari, R. D. Somma
Proceedings of the 46th ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing (STOC 2014), 283-292 (2014)

Simulation of quantum mechanical systems is a major potential application of quantum computers. Indeed, the problem of simulating Hamiltonian dynamics was the original motivation for the idea of quantum computation.

Local tests of global entanglement and a counterexample to the generalized area law

D. Aharonov, A. W. Harrow, Z. Landau, D. Nagaj, M. Szegedy, U. Vazirani
Proceedings of FOCS 2014, 246 (2014)

Ultimate classical communication rates of quantum optical channels

V. Giovannetti, R. Garcia-Patrón, N. J. Cerf, A. S. Holevo
Nature Photonics 8, 796-800 (2014)

Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution over 200 km

Y-L. Tang, H-L. Yin, S-J.Chen, Y. Liu, W-J. Zhang, X. Jiang, L. Zhang, J. Wang, L-X. You, J-Y. Guan, D- X. Yang, Z. Wang, H. Liang, Z. Zhang, N. Zhou, X. Ma, T-Y. Chen, Q. Zhang, and J-W. Pan
Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 190501 (2014)

Measurement-device–independent quantum key distribution (MDIQKD) represents a valid alternative for quantum cryptography. It requires fewer assumptions for security than standard prepare-and-measure schemes, while its implementation is less demanding than fully device-independent protocols.

Bidirectional and efficient conversion between microwave and optical light

R. W. Andrews, R. W. Peterson, T. P. Purdy, K. Cicak, R. W. Simmonds, C. A. Regal, and K. W. Lehnert Nature Physics 10, 321-326 (2014)

Experimental results demonstrating optical gates, or switches, based on atomic systems that respond at the single photon level, or photon-photon interactions

A quantum gate between a flying optical photon and a single trapped atom
A. Reiserer, N. Kalb, G. Rempe, S. Ritter
Nature 508, 237-240 (2014);
Nanophotonic quantum phase switch with a single atom
T. G. Tiecke, J. D. Thompson, N. P. de Leon, L. R. Liu, V. Vuletic, M. D. Lukin Nature 508, 241-244 (2014);
Nonlinear π phase shift for single fibre-guided photons interacting with a single resonator-enhanced atom
J. Volz, M. Scheucher, C. Junge, A. Rauschenbeutel
Nature Photonics 8, 965-970 (2014);

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