Probing ultrafast charge and spin dynamics in a quantum dot molecule

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K. Müller, A. Bechtold, C. Ruppert, H. J. Krenner, M. Bichler, J. M. Villas-Bôas, G. Abstreiter, M. Betz, J. J. Finley


Proc. SPIE 8260, 826002 (2012);

We apply ultrafast pump-probe photocurrent spectroscopy to directly probe few Fermion charge and spin dynamics in an artificial molecule formed by vertically stacking a pair of InGaAs self-assembled quantum dots. As the relative energy of the orbital states in the two dots are energetically tuned by applying static electric fields, pronounced anticrossings are observed arising from electron tunnel couplings. Time resolved photocurrent measurements performed in the vicinity of these anticrossings provide direct information on the comparative roles of elastic and inelastic resonant tunneling processes between the two quantum dots forming the molecule. Resonant pumping of the neutral exciton in the upper dot with circularly polarized light facilitates ultrafast initialization of hole spin qubits over timescales limited only by the laser pulse duration (<5ps) and a near perfect Pauli spin-blockade with a near unity suppression of absorption (>96%) for spin forbidden transitions. Such a spin selective photocurrent response opens the way to probe spin dynamics in the system over ultrafast timescales.