Measurement scheme for the Lamb shift in a superconducting circuit with broadband environment

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V. Gramich, P. Solinas, M. Möttönen, J. P. Pekola, and J. Ankerhold


Phys. Rev. A 84, 052103 (2011)

Motivated by recent experiments on quantum mechanical charge pumping in a Cooper pair sluice, we present a measurement scheme for observing shifts of transition frequencies in two-level quantum systems induced by broadband environmental fluctuations. In contrast to quantum optical and related setups based on cavities, the impact of a thermal phase reservoir is considered. A thorough analysis of Lamb and Stark shifts within weak-coupling master equations is complemented by nonperturbative results for the model of an exactly solvable harmonic system. The experimental protocol to measure the Lamb shift in experimentally feasible superconducting circuits is analyzed in detail and supported by numerical simulations.