Mach-Zehnder interferometry with interacting trapped Bose-Einstein condensates

Printer-friendly versionSend by emailPDF version

J. Grond, U. Hohenester, H.-J. Schmiedmayer, A. Smerzi


Physical Review A, 84 (2011)
doi: 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.023619

We theoretically analyze a Mach-Zehnder interferometer with trapped condensates and find that it is surprisingly stable against the nonlinearity induced by interparticle interactions. The phase sensitivity, which we study for number-squeezed input states, can overcome the shot noise limit and be increased up to the Heisenberg limit provided that a Bayesian or maximum-likelihood phase estimation strategy is used. We finally demonstrate the robustness of the Mach-Zehnder interferometer in the presence of interactions against condensate oscillations and a realistic atom-counting error.