Experimental Characterization of Quantum Dynamics Through Many-Body Interactions

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D. Nigg, J. T. Barreiro, P. Schindler, M. Mohseni, T. Monz, M. Chwalla, M. Hennrich, R. Blatt


URL: http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.060403
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.060403
PACS: 03.65.Wj, 03.67.Ac

We report on the implementation of a quantum process tomography technique known as direct characterization of quantum dynamics applied on coherent and incoherent single-qubit processes in a system of trapped 40Ca+ ions. Using quantum correlations with an ancilla qubit, direct characterization of quantum dynamics reduces substantially the number of experimental configurations required for a full quantum process tomography and all diagonal elements of the process matrix can be estimated with a single setting. With this technique, the system’s relaxation times T1 and T2 were measured with a single experimental configuration. We further show the first, complete characterization of single-qubit processes using a single generalized measurement realized through multibody correlations with three ancilla qubits.