Toward protocols for quantum-ensured privacy and secure voting

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Marianna Bonanome, Vladimir Buzek, Mark Hillery, and Mario Ziman


Phys. Rev. A 84, 022331 (2011)

We present a number of schemes that use quantum mechanics to preserve privacy, in particular, we show that entangled quantum states can be useful in maintaining privacy. We further develop our original proposal [see M. Hillery, M. Ziman, V. Buek and M. Bieliková Phys. Lett. A 349 75 (2006)] for protecting privacy in voting, and examine its security under certain types of attacks, in particular dishonest voters and external eavesdroppers. A variation of these quantum-based schemes can be used for multiparty function evaluation. We consider functions corresponding to group multiplication of N group elements, with each element chosen by a different party. We show how quantum mechanics can be useful in maintaining the privacy of the choices group elements.