Nonclassicality of Temporal Correlations

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Date: 
2015-09-18
Author(s): 

Stephen Brierley, Adrian Kosowski, Marcin Markiewicz, Tomasz Paterek, Anna Przysiężna

Reference: 

Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 120404 (2015) http://arxiv.org/abs/1501.03505

The results of spacelike separated measurements are independent of distant measurement settings, a property one might call two-way no-signaling. In contrast, timelike separated measurements are only one-way no-signaling since the past is independent of the future but not vice versa. For this reason some temporal correlations that are formally identical to nonclassical spatial correlations can still be modeled classically. We propose a new formulation of Bell’s theorem for temporal correlations; namely, we define nonclassical temporal correlations as the ones which cannot be simulated by propagating in time the classical information content of a quantum system given by the Holevo bound. We first show that temporal correlations between results of any projective quantum measurements on a qubit can be simulated classically. Then we present a sequence of general measurements on a single m-level quantum system that cannot be explained by propagating in time an m-level classical system and using classical computers with unlimited memory.