Electron Shot Noise and Nuclear Spin Dynamics in Spin-Blockaded Quantum Dots

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Date: 
2010-01-11
Author(s): 

M. S. Rudner, F. H. L. Koppens, J. A. Folk, L. M. K. Vandersypen, L. S. Levitov

Reference: 

arXiv:1001.1735v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall]

Transport through spin-blockaded quantum dots provides a means for electrical control and detection of nuclear spin dynamics in the host material. Although such experiments have become increasingly popular in recent years, interpretation of their results in terms of the underlying nuclear spin dynamics remains challenging. Here we point out a fundamental process in which nuclear spin dynamics can be driven by electron shot noise; fast electric current fluctuations generate much slower nuclear polarization dynamics, which in turn affect electron dynamics via the Overhauser field. The resulting extremely slow intermittent current fluctuations account for a variety of observed phenomena that were not previously understood.