Electromagnetically-induced-transparency control of single-atom motion in an optical cavity

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Tobias Kampschulte, Wolfgang Alt, Sebastian Manz, Miguel Martinez-Dorantes, René Reimann,
Seokchan Yoon, Dieter Meschede, Marc Bienert, Giovanna Morigi


Phys. Rev. A 89, 033404 (2014)

We demonstrate cooling of the motion of a single neutral atom confined by a dipole trap inside a high-finesse
optical resonator. Cooling of the vibrational motion results from electromagnetically induced transparency
(EIT)-like interference in an atomic \Lambda-type configuration, where one transition is strongly coupled to the cavity
mode and the other is driven by an external control laser. Good qualitative agreement with the theoretical
predictions is found for the explored parameter ranges. Further, we demonstrate EIT cooling of atoms in the
dipole trap in free space, reaching the ground state of axial motion. By means of a direct comparison with
the cooling inside the resonator, the role of the cavity becomes evident by an additional cooling resonance.
These results pave the way towards a controlled interaction among atomic, photonic, and mechanical degrees of