Detecting nonlocality of noisy multipartite states with the CHSH inequality

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Rafael Chaves, Antonio Acín, Leandro Aolita, Daniel Cavalcanti


Phys. Rev. A 89, 042106 (2014)

The Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt inequality was originally proposed as a Bell inequality to detect nonlocality in bipartite systems. However, it can also be used to certify the nonlocality of multipartite quantum states. We apply this to study the nonlocality of multipartite Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger, W and graph states under local decoherence processes. We derive lower bounds on the critical local-noise strength tolerated by GHZ states before becoming local. In addition, for the whole noisy dynamics, we derive lower bounds on the corresponding nonlocal content for the three classes of states. All the bounds presented can be calculated efficiently and, in some cases, provide significantly tighter estimates than with any other known method. For example, they reveal that N-qubit GHZ states undergoing local dephasing are, for all N, nonlocal throughout all the dephasing dynamics.