From classical to quantum criticality

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D. Podolsky, E. Shimshoni, P. Silvi, S. Montangero, T. Calarco, G.
Morigi, S. Fishman


Journal reference: Phys. Rev. B 89, 214408 (2014)
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.214408

We study the crossover from classical to quantum phase transitions at zero temperature within the framework of ϕ4 theory. The classical transition at zero temperature can be described by the Landau theory, turning into a quantum Ising transition with the addition of quantum fluctuations. We perform a calculation of the transition line in the regime where the quantum fluctuations are weak. The calculation is based on a renormalization group analysis of the crossover between classical and quantum transitions, and is well controlled even for space-time dimensionality D below 4. In particular, for D=2 we obtain an analytic expression for the transition line which is valid for a wide range of parameters, as confirmed by numerical calculations based on the Density Matrix Renormalization Group. This behavior could be tested by measuring the phase diagram of the linear-zigzag instability in systems of trapped ions or repulsively-interacting dipoles.