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The novel combination of quantum physics with information science has opened the way to exploring the use of quantum degrees of freedom to perform calculations and tasks of a complexity unattainable by systems behaving classically. Significant research efforts have established, over the last ten years, the most secure methods of communication as well as the basic building blocks of quantum computation on a range of hardware platforms.

This is to a significant extent an outcome of previous European Commission initiatives on Quantum Information Processing and Communication (QIPC) in the two past Framework Programmes, which have set quite ambitious objectives for a first exploratory stage. The quantum information community has delivered the expected results with a series of very successful projects, putting Europe at the forefront of the international competition.

As a consequence, it is now appropriate to develop a new conceptual platform for a family of potentially disruptive technologies, adding a new stage and new perspectives to the already staggering impact of conventional ITs.

The proposed strategic area on Quantum Information Foundations and Technologies (QIFT) will focus on these technologies with the purpose of significantly advancing their scope and breadth, while at the same time speeding up the process of bringing them from the lab to the real world. It will ensure a constant progress in the whole quantum information processing area through the integration of the scientific base built up to now, in order to conceive theoretically and develop experimentally novel and powerful technological applications of quantum coherence and entanglement.